Homeschooling is a progressive movement around the world, in which parents choose to educate their children at home instead of sending them to a traditional public or private school. Families choose to homeschool for a variety of reasons, including dissatisfaction with the educational options available, different religious beliefs or educational philosophies, and the belief that children are not progressing within the traditional school structure.
Homeschooling parents believe that they are more responsive to a child’s individual needs and interests. They believe that every kid needs to learn at the pace, appropriate to them. In the process, homeschooled kids learn to face conflicts and learn from them when they surface at home. Without formal curriculum, apart from learning regular subjects, they also develop their own interests and a passion for picking up new skills. It is found that homeschooled kids are also better placed in taking advantage of the experiences at home and forge harmonious relationships with people in the community.
- Is Homeschooling legal in India?
Yes. In India, the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), which is recognized by the Government of India, holds examinations for out-of-school/distance learners and gives certificates. The NIOS certificates are valid and should be accepted by all states and Union Territories in India as it is recognized by the Government of India.
2. No need of any registration
Homeschooling in India does not require any registration, recognition or regulation by any agency or authority. Most parents who choose to do so either follow the CBSE curriculum or opt for the state board syllabus. Homeschooled children can appear for the IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education) exams as private candidates, or write the Class 10/12 examinations of the National Institute of Open Learning (NIOS), which gives students the option to get a degree or certificate and is conducted at centres across the country.
3. It requires one stay-home parent
As homeschooling is gaining popularity among parents in the country, there is a need for both parents to be on board in making this choice. It requires one stay-at-home parent who is dedicated to it. Even as several parents are opting for homeschooling, it is imperative for them to consider and understand the child’s needs and make the decision.
Given that homeschooling is still a gray area in India, let us believe that this movement will gradually increase parental participation and grab the attention of our policymakers in making education more inclusive to all kinds of children/learners.
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