How to Become an Environmentalist in India?

With rapid industrialization, depletion of natural resources, deforestation and pollution, there is a huge need of environmentalists — people who can help the public to take care of earth and save earth from destruction. Starting from developed nations to the poor nations almost all the countries along with the UN is very much concerned about environment safety. So, it is one of the most challenging career options with tremendous scope.  An environmentalist or environmental scientist conducts research in order to identify, abate or eliminate pollutants and hazards to the environment or to the health of the population.

What does an Environmentalist do?

An Environmental Scientist helps education people on the environment, create awareness and help people make informed decisions about saving the planet and being conscious of the use of resources. While some may immense themselves in research some work in creating public/mass movements to save the environment.

Eligibility Criteria:

To become an environmental scientist you have to study environmental science, hydrology or a related natural science like life science, chemistry, geology, geophysics, atmospheric science or physics, etc.

For a job as environmental Scientist, a bachelor’s degree in earth science or environmental engineering is needed.  Most employers require a master’s degree in environmental science, hydrology or a related natural science. Many people who want to enter this field earn their degrees in life science, chemistry, geology, geophysics, atmospheric science or physics too and apply their education to do research on the environment.

Skill Required:

  • Interest or passion in protecting the environment, must be a self-learner.
  • Ability to work for long hours and in strenuous work conditions under pressure.
  • Since it requires writing assignments, funding proposals and policies, one needs to be good at computer skills.
  • Good written and oral communication skills and strong interpersonal skills are also essential.
  • Should have an eye for research and an understanding of the subject in-depth.
  • Must have critical thinking abilities and great analyzing capabilities.

Courses in Environmental Science:

  • Certificate Courses in Environmental Science and Pollution Control Technology
  • B.Sc in Environmental Science
  • Bachelor in Environment Management
  • B.E Environmental Engineering
  • Diploma in Environmental Science
  • MA in Environmental Science
  • M.SC in Environmental Science and Ecology
  • M.Phil in Environmental Science
  • Ph.D in Environmental Science

Colleges offering courses: 

  • GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, UP
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University School of Environmental Sciences, New Delhi
  • Centre for Pollution Control & Bio waste Energy, Pondicherry University
  • Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment, New Delhi

Employment Opportunities:

Environmental Sciences creates multiple professions in colleges, NGOs and international think tanks or research-based institutions. They are:

  • Professors
  • Environmental Biologists
  • Environmental Activists
  • Environmental Journalists
  • Environmental Engineerings


An Environmental Scientist’s salary depends on the organisation he/she works for. Initially thought, the salary could begin with Rs. 25,000. For middle and senior-level positions, the salary ranges between Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1.5 lakh. However, if you wish to start something on your own, you could become an eco-prenuer with your own venture.

(Edvantage Point is India’s go-to platform for education-related products and services. We are into admissions management for schools, career advice and counselling services for students as well as recruitment services).

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