Beyond Grades & Curriculum: A Peek into India’s Alternative Schooling

Alternative Education is an educational method, philosophy or pedagogy that differs significantly from the mainstream’s way of education. Any school that claims to follow any alternative ways of learning may be considered as an Alternative School. In the early twentieth century, people like Rabindranath Tagore, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Sri Aurobindo, Maria Montessori and Walden started models of alternative schools as a response to the drawbacks of mainstream education system.

Alternative or progressive schools focus on the positives of every child, rather than his or her drawbacks. This helps them realise their passion at an earlier stage. There is no space for following one’s passion in a normal system. This free existence and absence of an authority at alternative schools is what is most distinctive about these institutions. The mind of students at these schools is actually bereft of fear. But that does not imply that respect for others is absent.

Learn at your own pace, child

The increasing space for alternative means of living has also encouraged middle-class families to look beyond UPSC exams, and IITs and IIMs. Also, the fact that higher learning centres catering to alternative learning are coming up is proof that the tribe of alternative learners is growing. These schools base learning on co-operation – helping each other, working with each other and learning from each other. Given that in most alternative schools, there are no exams till the eighth standard but individual assessment of students by teachers which is shared with parents, the need to rank children in the class disappears. Children are allowed to learn at their own pace, sans the examination stress. Emphasis is laid on strong understanding of the subject.

No grading system

Also, since alternative schools follow a continuous assessment policy, it helps the teachers work better and closely with children. Assessment is non-judgemental and results are not displayed in the class or school. Evaluation is purely used for teachers to know the level the learner is at, so as to extend teaching accordingly and to inform parents about the child’s progress.

Healthy emotional development is nurtured by conveying knowledge experientially as well as academically. It works with the hands throughout the day, both in primary academic subjects and in a broad range of artistic handwork, music and craft activities. Learning becomes an engaging voyage of discovery of the world and of oneself rather than mere acquisition of information.

Here is a list of some of the best alternative schools in India:


Located amidst the tranquil surroundings of the Velliangiri mountains near Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, Isha Home School was founded by Sadhguru in 2005. Its foundation is on his philosophy that education should not only be about making the child’s mind capable of razor-sharp perception or of knowing life in its full depth and dimension, but also about expanding the horizons of human experience and becoming inclusive. Isha Home School aspires to blend the aspects of ‘home’ and ‘school’ with a dynamic curriculum, free from the pressures of examinations. The school says its greatest asset are its dedicated and talented faculty who ensure a symbiotic learning process.


The Students’ Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh (SECMOL) was founded by a number of young Ladakhis who, after having returned from university, could comprehend the difficulties faced by the local students with modern education, their lack of focus and the cultural confusion. The organisation was founded near the village of Phey in the Indus Valley in 1988 to reform the government school system, helping village students in their education, awakening youth to the problems stemming from inappropriate and insensitive schooling, producing related videos and radio programmes, and designing and building solar-heated eco-friendly buildings. They have successful carried out reformations like introducing locally relevant textbooks, reducing the language confusion, and increase the accountability of teachers. Two of its main approaches is to have child-centred, joyful and meaningful learning instead of “chalk, talk and stick”, and to develop an understanding of the educational problems in Ladakh, and teachers’ role in the solution.


Jiddu Krishnamurti’s teachings to include developing an appreciation for the environment, art and music, and athletics, in addition to traditional subjects in the curricula are the foundational basis of this school. The philosopher founded the school in his birthplace in the town of Madanapalle, in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The school has a holistic approach to education in the spirit of Krishnamurti’s pedagogical vision. Community service and extracurricular activities are part of a student’s schooling, as are discussions, assemblies and club meetings. Rishi Valley is nestled in an ancient valley under the Rishikonda Hill where, as folklore has it, sages, or ‘rishis’, used to meditate. The school derives its name from these legends.


Shibumi School is based on J. Krishnamurti’s philosophy as well. The school offers a learning environment couched in the spirit of freedom and cooperation, in the movement of self-knowing through dialogue and observation. Based in the Somanahalli village in the outskirts of South Bangalore, the school does not have residential facilities as of now but intends to acquire its own campus soon.


Sahyadri School is located on Tiwai Hill, a plateau 770m above sea level, overlooking the Chas-Kaman Dam in Pune. The school, while not encouraging competition in the form currently accepted by society, endeavours to create an atmosphere where students can excel. Classes are intentionally small to provide close contact between teacher and students. An expectation of courtesy, kindness, and mutual respect helps to create an atmosphere where students can take the initiative required for active learning.


The school follows the philosophy of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother and is located in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram campus in New Delhi. The philosophy on which its foundation is based is that each individual comes into life with an evolutionary purpose and corresponding potentialities and that educating means drawing out this potential. Respect for the individual, harmony in diversity and a freedom that asks for an inner discipline are components of the school culture. It also trains educators from all over India.

Mirambika also has a research wing that provides necessary inputs for further development of the school, teachers’ training centre as well as the resource centre.


Abhaya was founded in June 2002 in Rangareddy district, Hyderabad. Its functioning is inspired by the Waldorf pedagogy, which integrates the arts, sciences and humanities, in an age-appropriate manner, during the three major stages of child development – early childhood, primary years and adolescence to young adulthood. There are a number of schools following this curriculum all over the globe. Individual teachers and schools have varying degrees of autonomy in determining curriculum content, teaching methodology and governance, based on the local regulations, social/cultural environments and economic statuses of different countries. It believes intelligence has more to do with the harmonious working of the hands, heart and head, than learning by rote.


The Heritage School follows the philosophy of experimental learning. It strives to provide space to be, learn and grow to all its members by offering them the freedom of choice in learning and doing, without compromising the rigour and discipline of learning. The school lets the students grapple with a problem, issue or concept using all their senses. The learning experience thus becomes multi-dimensional, and an internal, cognitive, sensory and emotional process. The children examine their learning critically and creatively.


Marudam Farm School was founded in 2009 by a community of students and teachers of different cultural and social backgrounds from around the world. It is located in Thiruvannamalai. The curriculum gives equal importance to both Tamil and English. The students are involved in activities like afforestation, organic farming and in building an intimate relationship with nature. A lot of importance is given to arts and crafts, physical educating and sports as well. They aspire to have an education to bring about sensitive and intelligent human beings.


Centre for Learning focusses on nurturing the senses and sharpening language and numerical skills of the students. The children are exposed to a wealth of experiences, a great many of them being linked with the natural world. The projects are interdisciplinary and emphasise an exploration of the world around in various ways. Children are trained in academic and critical thinking skills, alongside the nurturing of their artistic inclinations and physical abilities. The students are introduced to abstract concepts in various disciplines, and are encouraged to examine, clarify and test ideas. They learn subjects with more rigour. The teachers keep two factors in mind: that each child only needs to reach his or her level of excellence, and that a basic grounding in all subjects is given to each child regardless of talent or aptitude.


One of the oldest and most popular schools in Chennai, Krishnamurti Foundation India’s The School began in 1973 at Poes Garden and moved to Damodar Gardens of The Theosophical Society in 1979. The teachers of the school are drawn together into an exploration of the teachings of J Krishnamurti. This exploration gives rise to structures at school, the learning processes and the surfacing of new areas of work. The School is affiliated to Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations at New Delhi and the students appear for the ICSE and ISC in Classes 10 and 12 respectively.


Found by Arundhati Roy’s mother the school focuses on giving a holistic learning experience to the students. With an approximate charge of 1.4 lakhs, the school works to make its students independent and capable to handle any situation and is hence considered to be one of the best alternative schools in that area.


Focussing on creating a beautiful earth Prakriya teaches its students about learning about maintaining the ecological balance of mother Earth. The school wants the children to understand the implications of climate change and hence be prepared to handle it accordingly. Focus is on creating earth consciousness and less emphasis on considering marks as the method of judging a child’s ability.


Located in the northern area of Auroville, the school has 115 students and 12 faculty members only. It was set up to provide a different style of education to the students of nearby villages. The school provides a lot of scope for kids to improvise and bring learning in their day to day routine.


Slightly different from the rest the Hunar Ghar wants to tell that even in rural areas good quality education can be provided. The teachers of the school come from nearby villages and they cater to attending the individual needs of each child staying there. Major features include Mixed age-group studies and community-based projects and programs.


A pioneer in alternative schooling in India  the Tridha Mumbai lets the children explore the smaller joys of life. Starting from carpentry to gardening the kids learn all the skills however in a relaxed environment. Main features are application of Steiner curriculum and focus on education through experience.

(Edvantage Point is India’s go-to platform for education-related products and services. We are into admissions management for schools, career advice and counselling services for students as well as recruitment services)

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