Agricultural Engineering – Career Roadmap

Agricultural Engineering is the branch of engineering that applies engineering science disciplines and technology practices to the efficient production and processing of food, feed, fiber and fuels. This course includes the principles of animal biology, plant biology, mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering.

Agriculture Engineering is a technologically sophisticated field that offers bright career prospects and opportunity in various industries. Globally well-paid careers are available for qualified agricultural engineers in government and public sector organizations, agribusiness firms, food processing and retail industry, research organizations and laboratories, banks and financial corporations, central and state government organizations and private firms.

Eligibility & Course Criteria:

Candidates who passed 10+2 or diploma examination. Both mathematics and biology students are eligible. Employers often require agricultural engineers to have a bachelor’s degree from an engineering program – B.E in Agricultural Engineering or B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering. An undergraduate program in agricultural engineering typically has coursework in calculus, physics with calculus applications, and biology. Agriculture-specific courses may include soil mechanics, environmental microclimatology, ocean and atmospheric dynamics, hydrology, geology, and soil physics.

The curriculum for a bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering will generally have a focus on the technology used in agricultural processes. Several topics covered in programs like these include power and machinery systems, storage, ventilation and cooling systems, product processing, spraying techniques, irrigation and drainage management, and agribusiness. In addition to studying these topics, students might be expected to complete a capstone project their senior year, where they work on practical design projects with faculty or cooperating industry members.

Top 10 Institutes/Universities In India:

India has around 57 agriculture universities. Here are top 10 agriculture universities are listed below as per the latest rankings released by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR):

  • National Dairy Research Institute
  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute
  • Punjab Agricultural University
  • Chaudary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute
  • University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
  • Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

Top Colleges/Universities abroad

  • University of Southern Queensland, Australia
  • Tennessee Tech University, USA
  • Iowa State University, USA
  • University of Kentucky
  • University of Arizona

Job roles:

  • Agricultural Engineer
  • Agricultural Crop Engineer
  • Agricultural Inspector
  • Agricultural Specialist
  • Farm Shop Manager
  • Researcher
  • Environmental Controls Engineer
  • Food Supervisor
  • Plant Physiologist
  • Agronomist
  • Microbiologist
  • Soil Scientist
  • Survey Research Agricultural Engineer

Top Industries/Companies:

  • Farming Industry Consultants
  • Agricultural Commodities Processors
  • AMUL Dairy
  • ITC
  • Escorts
  • Nestle India
  • Proagro Seed
  • Frigorifico Allana
  • Cheminova
  • Deepak Fertilisers And Petrochemicals Corporation Limited
  • Murugappa Group
  • Gujarat Agricultural Technology
  • Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology
  • G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology


In government organizations, a fresher in agricultural engineering can expect a salary between Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month depending on the efficiency and capability. In private organizations, MNCs and NGOs, an agriculture engineer is paid well. As for a lecturer in the filed of agricultural can earn an initial amount of Rs. 15,000 per month plus other allowances.

(Edvantage Point is India’s go-to platform for education-related products and services. We facilitate online admissions and recruitment services for schools, offer career advice and counselling services for students.)

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